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Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices™ (SPM)

Work | Educational | Abilities | Academic Functioning

The Raven's Progressive Matrices™ (RPM) is the leading global non-verbal measure of mental ability. The RPM offers information about an individual's capacity for analysing and solving problems, abstract reasoning, and the ability to learn. It does this in a non-verbal format that is an especially important feature for an ethnically diverse population.

The test offers three progressively more difficult forms intended for different populations. Items on all forms ask the examinee to identify the missing component in a series of figural patterns. The test can be individually or group administered. The three forms are: Coloured Progressive Matrices (CPM), Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM), and Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM).

The Raven's SPM is a test of observation skills and clear-thinking ability. It is suitable for the general population - individuals with average intellectual ability. The Raven's SPM produces a single raw score as well as percentile rank to indicate the candidate's educative ability or the ability to think clearly and extract meaning out of events, compared to a norm group.

In addition to the Raven's SPM the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices™ Plus (SPM Plus) contains more powerful items, and can be used in a similar way as the Raven's SPM.

Basic info

Age range

Individuals 5 years and older

Administration time

Untimed 15-45 minutes (60 items)

Comparison group

SA Norms

Language availability

Instructions in English (Non-verbal assessment)

Scoring options


Integrated report options


Additional info

Useful links