Raven’s™ Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM)

Raven’s™ Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM)

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Author: John C. Raven

Purpose To assess general ability from a non-verbal perspective
Administer To Individuals 12:0-16:0, 17:0 years and older
Reading/Education Level Not applicable
Administration Time Untimed 40-60 minutes (36 items)
Scoring Options Hand-scoring
Publication Date 1998, 2011 (SA norms)
HPCSA Submitted for classification
Training No accreditation training required
Languages Instructions in English (Non-verbal assessment)
SA Norms Yes

Raven’s™ Progressive Matrices (RPM) is the world’s leading non-verbal assessment. As a non-verbal measure of mental ability, the RPM provides three ability levels to minimize the effect of language skills and cultural bias. The matrices require the examinee to solve problems presented in abstract figures and designs. The test is designed to help measure an individual’s ability to form perceptual relations and to reason by analogy, independent of language and formal schooling, by offering insight about a person’s capacity to observe, solve problems, and learn.

The test offers three progressively more difficult forms intended for different populations. Items on all forms ask the examinee to identify the missing component in a series of figural patterns. Grouped in sets, the items require increasingly greater skill in encoding and analysing information. The test can be individually or group administered. The three forms are: Coloured Progressive Matrices (CPM), Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM), and Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM).

The Raven’s APM measures high-level observation skills, clear thinking ability, and intellectual capacity. This test is designed to differentiate between people at the high end of intellectual ability. When administered under timed conditions, the APM can also be used to assess intellectual efficiency – quick and accurate high-level intellectual work. The Raven’s APM produces a single raw score as well as percentile rank to indicate the candidate’s educative ability or the ability to make sense of complex situations, compared to a norm group. The Raven’s APM provides “Difficult” level tests that spread scores of the top 20% of the population.

Areas Of Application

The Raven’s APM score can be used as:

  • An indication of a candidate’s potential for success in high-level technical, professional, and executive positions that require high levels of clear and accurate thinking, problem identification, holistic situation assessment, and monitoring of tentative solutions for consistency with all available information.
  • For developmental purposes in occupational and advanced educational settings.

Additional information


JvR Online

Psychology Category

Online Availability


HPCSA Status




The Raven’s APM is hand-scored.

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Terms & Conditions

Please Note:

  • Additional fees will be applicable when requesting Client Services to assist with administration (only applicable where user portals are available and a client chooses not to make use of this facility)
  • Material / Reports only available to suitably qualified users
  • Prices as quoted may change without prior notice
  • Errors and omissions excepted
  • Courier costs are not included in the above quoted prices, JvR may have to order some of the above items. In such instances delivery times will be extended

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South African Research

South African research is available on the Raven’s Progressive Matrices including studies of reliability, validity and equivalence across South African population groups for all three forms. South African norms are available for the hand-scored versions of the APM, SPM and CPM.
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