Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices™ (CPM)

Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices™ (CPM)

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Author: John C. Raven

Purpose To assess general ability from a non-verbal perspective
Administer To Children 5 years to 11 years, elderly persons, and mentally and physically impaired persons
Reading/Education Level Not applicable
Administration Time Untimed 15-30 minutes (36 items)
Scoring Options Hand-scoring
Publication Date 1998, 2011 (SA norms)
HPCSA Submitted for classification
Training No accreditation training required
Languages Instructions in English (Non-verbal assessment)
SA Norms Yes

The Raven’s Progressive Matrices™ (RPM) is the leading global non-verbal measure of mental ability. It is a measure of educative ability – the ability to make sense and meaning out of complex or confusing data; the ability to perceive new patterns and relationships, and to forge (largely non-verbal) constructs which make it easy to handle complexity.

The RPM usefully provide an assessment of non-verbal ability, an important feature for our ethnically diverse population. The test offers three progressively more difficult forms intended for different populations. Items on all forms ask the examinee to identify the missing component in a series of figural patterns. Grouped in sets, the items require increasingly greater skill in encoding and analysing information. The test can be individually or group administered. The three forms are:
Coloured Progressive Matrices™ (CPM), Standard Progressive Matrices™ (SPM), and Advanced Progressive Matrices™ (APM).

The Raven’s CPM measures clear-thinking ability. The items are arranged to assess the chief cognitive processes of which children under 11 years of age, are usually capable. The Raven’s CPM items are arranged to assess cognitive development up to the stage when a person is sufficiently able to reason by analogy and adopt this way of thinking as a consistent method of inference. This stage in intellectual maturation appears to be one of the earliest to decline as the result of organic dysfunction.

The Raven’s CPM produces a single raw score that can be converted to a percentile.

Areas Of Application

The Raven’s APM score can be used as:

  • The Raven’s CPM is useful in educational settings to identify students with exceptional cognitive abilities and logical reasoning skills.
  • The Raven’s CPM is useful in assessing elderly persons and mentally and physically impaired persons.

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Additional information

Psychology Category

HPCSA Status





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The Raven’s CPM is hand-scored.

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Terms & Conditions

Please Note:

  • Additional fees will be applicable when requesting Client Services to assist with administration (only applicable where user portals are available and a client chooses not to make use of this facility)
  • Material / Reports only available to suitably qualified users
  • Prices as quoted may change without prior notice
  • Errors and omissions excepted
  • Courier costs are not included in the above quoted prices, JvR may have to order some of the above items. In such instances delivery times will be extended

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South African Research

South African research is available on the Raven’s Progressive Matrices including studies of reliability, validity and equivalence across South African population groups for all three forms. South African norms are available for the hand-scored versions of the APM, SPM and CPM.
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