Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory® – 2(MMPI® – 2)

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory® – 2(MMPI® – 2)

  • Description
  • Additional information
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Description

Authors: James N Butcher, John R Graham, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Auke Tellegen, W. Grant Dahlstrom and Beverly Kaemmer

Purpose To assess adult psychopathology
Administer To Individuals 18 years and older
Reading/Education Level Grade 5 (NQF level: 1 ABET Level: 2)
Administration Time 60-90 minutes (567 items)
Scoring Options Data capturing by Client Services/Hand-scoring
Publication Date 1989, 2001 (revised), updated 2003 and 2009
HPCSA Submitted March 2015
Training Optional training available. Restricted use
Languages English, Spanish, French for Canada, Hmong
SA Norms No

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) remains the most widely used and widely researched assessment of adult psychopathology. Used by clinicians to assist with the diagnosis of mental disorders and the selection of appropriate treatment methods, the MMPI-2 continues to help meet the assessment needs of mental health professionals in an ever-changing environment.

Assessment Scales

The MMPI-2 includes the following scales (not all the scales are included in every report):

  • Clinical Scales: Provide the clinician with information on possible psychological/mental health problems.
  • Restructured Clinical Scales: These scales preserve the valuable descriptive features of the existing MMPI-2 Clinical Scales and enhance their distinctiveness.
  • Clinical Subscales: The Harris-Lingoes Subscales and Social Introversion Subscales sort under the Clinical Subscales. These scales contribute to the clinical descriptions of the basic scales providing a specific underlying theme.
  • Content Scales: These scales provide contents and contexts of the self-report responses of the individual.
  • Content Component Scales: With the Content Component Scales, the subscales of the Content Scales are taken into consideration to provide a refinement of them.
  • Supplementary Scales: Focus on adding to the interpretation of the validity and clinical scales.
  • The Validity Indicators and Superlative Self-Presentation Subscales: These indicate the validity of the profile, and include the Fake Bad Scale (FBS). The FBS has recently been included in the Extended Score Report and hand-scoring materials. It has been found particularly useful in neuropsychological assessments.

Areas Of Application

The MMPI-2 can be used for the following purposes:

  • Assess major symptoms of social and personal maladjustment.
  • Identify appropriate treatment strategies and potential difficulties with treatment early in the assessment process.
  • Identify suitable candidates for high-risk public safety positions.
  • Support classification, treatment and management decisions in criminal justice and correctional settings.
  • Give a strong empirical foundation for a clinician’s expert testimony.
  • Assess medical patients and design effective treatment strategies, including chronic pain management.
  • Evaluate participants in substance abuse programmes and select appropriate treatment approaches.
  • Provide valuable insight for marriage and family counselling.

©Pearson Education Ltd 2017.

Additional information

Application Area

Clinical Diagnosis

JvR Online

Locale

Psychology Category

Online Availability

No

HPCSA Status

Submitted

Research/Required

Yes

The MMPI-2 software helps to evaluate individuals in a variety of settings, such as mental health facilities, organisations (for evaluations of personality attributes that may contribute to unsafe, irresponsible or ineffective on-the-job behaviour), and the correctional and forensic environment. Not all the reports provide the same, or all, scores.

The MMPI-2 has the following software reports available:

  • Extended Score Report: includes the following MMPI-2 scales: Validity and Clinical Scales – profiled; Non-K-corrected Validity and Clinical Scales - profiled (optional); Clinical Subscales (Harris-Lingoes and Social Introversion subscales) - scale scores reported only; Restructured Clinical (RC) Scales – profiled; Content Scales – profiled; Content Component Scales - scale scores reported only; Supplementary Scales (include the PSY-5 Scales) – profiled. Critical items and omitted items are also provided.
  • The Minnesota Report: Adult Clinical System, 4th Edition Interpretive Report: provides a comprehensive psychological picture of a client. This report presents the following MMPI-2 scales: Validity and Clinical Scales profiled and interpreted; Content Scales profiled and interpreted; Supplementary Scales profiled with alcohol/drug scales interpreted; PSY-5 Scales profiled and interpreted; Superlative Self-Presentation Scale reported only; Clinical Subscales (Harris-Lingoes and Social Introversion Subscales) reported only; Content Component Scales reported only. Lists of critical items and omitted items are also provided. In addition, the report provides an objective narrative assessment of the client's responses, and compares the profile data to data from setting-specific research samples. The settings that are considered in the interpretation are:
    • Outpatient Mental Health
    • Inpatient Mental Health
    • General Medical
    • Chronic Pain
    • Correctional
    • College Counselling
    • Alcohol & Drug Treatment
  • The Minnesota Report: Revised Personnel System, 3rd Edition Interpretive Report: helps the professional to gain a clearer picture of critical hiring decisions. This report presents the following MMPI-2 scales: Validity and Clinical Scales profiled and interpreted; Content Scales profiled and interpreted; Supplementary Scales profiled with alcohol/drug scales interpreted; PSY-5 Scales profiled and interpreted; Superlative Self-Presentation Scale reported only; Clinical Subscales (Harris-Lingoes and Social Introversion Subscales) reported only; Content Component Scales reported only. In addition, the report compares the profile data to data from occupation-specific research samples, and provides occupation-specific mean profiles. The occupations that are considered in the interpretation are:
    • Nuclear Power Facility
    • Law Enforcement
    • Airline Pilots
    • Medical and Psychology Students
    • Firefighters/Paramedics
    • Seminary Students
    • Other
  • The Minnesota Report-Revised Personnel System, 3rd Edition Adjustment Rating Report: presents the following MMPI-2 scales: Validity and Clinical Scales profiled and interpreted; Content Scales profiled and interpreted; Supplementary Scales profiled with alcohol/drug scales interpreted; PSY-5 Scales profiled and interpreted; Superlative Self-Presentation Scale reported only; Clinical Subscales (Harris-Lingoes and Social Introversion Subscales) reported only; Content Component Scales reported only. In addition, the report rates the applicant on five important work-related dimensions:
    • Openness to Evaluation
    • Social Facility
    • Addiction Potential
    • Stress Tolerance
    • Overall Adjustment.

    Content themes and specific Work Dysfunction items are also reported.

  • The Minnesota Report: Reports for Forensic Settings: Each report in this series presents the following MMPI-2 scales: Validity and Clinical Scales profiled and interpreted; Content Scales profiled and interpreted; Supplementary Scales profiled with alcohol/drug scales interpreted; PSY-5 Scales profiled and interpreted; Superlative Self-Presentation Scale reported only; Clinical Subscales (Harris-Lingoes and Social Introversion Subscales) reported only; Content Component Scales reported only. Lists of omitted items and Gass Head Injury items (Personal Injury Neurological setting only) are also provided. In addition, this report series is customised for six forensic settings. Each of the reports provides an objective narrative assessment of the client's responses, and compares the profile data to data from setting-specific research samples. The settings are:
    • Child Custody
    • Personal Injury
    • Personal Injury (Neurological)
    • Pre-trial Criminal
    • General Corrections
    • Competency/Commitment

©Pearson Education Ltd 2017.

Pricing

How to order printed material

  1. Download Order Form.
  2. Submit your order form to one of the following offices:

How to order Electronic Reports

Terms & Conditions

Please Note:

  • Additional fees will be applicable when requesting Client Services to assist with administration (only applicable where user portals are available and a client chooses not to make use of this facility)
  • Material / Reports only available to suitably qualified users
  • Prices as quoted may change without prior notice
  • Errors and omissions excepted
  • Courier costs are not included in the above quoted prices
    JvR may have to order some of the above items. In such instances delivery times will be extended

©Pearson Education Ltd 2017.

JvR Academy provides compulsory 2 day training for Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory(MMPI)

Click here to learn more

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South African Research

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©Pearson Education Ltd 2017.