16pf® Questionnaire (16pf)

16pf® Questionnaire (16pf)

  • Description
  • Additional information
  • Report Options
  • Order
  • Training
  • Updates/News
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Authors: Raymond B. Cattell, PhD, DSC; Karen A. Cattell, MA and Heather E.P. Cattell, PhD

Purpose To measure normal adult personality
Administer To Individuals 16 years and older
Reading/Education Level Grade 5 (NQF Level 1)
Administration Time 35-50 minutes (185 items)
Scoring Options Computer-based/Data capturing by Client Services/Hand-scoring
Publication Date 2002 (US) 2006, 2009 (SA), SA Norm update 2014
HPCSA Classified
Training e-Learning available
Language/s: English and Afrikaans (+20 other international languages)
SA Norms Yes

The 16pf delivers objective, empirical measurement of the personality traits that enable you to select and develop the people who will help your organisation thrive and succeed. The 16pf measures 16 different primary personality characteristics structured around the “Big Five” global factors of personality.

The 16pf assesses what an individual will do, not just what the individual can do. It supports competency-based assessment to ensure the right job- and organisation fit.

Assessment Scales

The 16pf® assesses on 16 Primary Factors and 5 Global Factors:

Primary Factors:
  • Warmth
  • Reasoning
  • Emotional Stability
  • Dominance
  • Liveliness
  • Rule-Consciousness
  • Social Boldness
  • Sensitivity
  • Vigilance
  • Abstractedness
  • Privateness
  • Apprehension
  • Openness to Change
  • Self-Reliance
  • Perfectionism
  • Tension
Global Factors:
  • Extraversion
  • Anxiety
  • Tough-Mindedness
  • Independence
  • Self-Control

Areas Of Application

The 16pf® can be used for the following purposes:

  • Selection
  • Management development
  • Team building and development
  • Career counselling
  • Individual and couple’s counselling

©2016 Performance Assessment Network (PAN). All rights reserved.

Additional information

Application Area

Talent Attraction

JvR Online


Online Availability


HPCSA Status




  • Career Development Report: indicates personal strengths that can lead to success and includes narrative that provides insight into an individual’s personality as it relates to problem solving, stress, interpersonal relationships, work career interests and personal growth.
  • Career Success Report: is designed for higher education students between 16 and 24 years. It uses unique personality information to shed light on possible career exploration, focusing on strengths, interests and potential areas for growth and development.
  • Profile Report: provides basic respondent profile information mapped onto both Global and Primary factors.
  • Interpretive Report: provides summary charts of a respondent’s scores mapped onto Global and Primary factors. Presents a chart and narrative of each Global Factor that aids the practitioner in interpretation.
  • Practitioner Report:: is a composite of three reports, one for the practitioner, another for the candidate and one for the candidate’s manager. Information obtained may be used for selection, placement, development, career- and outplacement counselling.
  • Profile & Manager Feedback Report: is an abbreviated version of the Practitioner Report, includes a two-part format; a scores section for the practitioner; and a Manager Report for individuals who have a say in the selection process, but who are untrained in the 16pf® Questionnaire, such as the respondent's supervising manager.
  • Management Potential Report: focuses on personality issues related to management selection and development.
  • Competency Report: provides information about a respondent's likely fit on a range of
    competencies identified as being critical for success in a specific role.
  • Competency & Candidate Feedback Report: consists of two reports: the Competency Report provides information about a respondent's likely fit on a range of competencies identified as being critical for success in a role; and the Candidate Feedback Report provides feedback to the client.
  • Comprehensive Insight Report: is a composite of three sections that provide assessment information that is appropriate for the Practitioner, the Candidate (test taker), and the candidate’s Manager. It provides key information for use in selection, placement, development, and career- and outplacement counseling.

©2016 Performance Assessment Network (PAN). All rights reserved.

Go to order form

How to order Electronic Reports

  • Download Request for Report Services Form
  • Click here to request your FREE electronic answer sheet.
  • Your candidate completes the assessment electronically - using Microsoft Word, so no internet access needed (Please DO NOT Print and complete manually).
  • Ensure all questions are answered; save the questionnaire on the name and surname of the candidate.
  • Email all the completed electronic answer sheets to nai@panpowered.com. Once you receive confirmation that the submission was successful, kindly complete the request form and send to clientservices@jvrafrica.co.za for report generation.

Terms & Conditions

Please Note:

  • Additional fees will be applicable when requesting Client Services to assist with administration (only applicable where user portals are available and a client chooses not to make use of this facility)
  • Material / Reports only available to suitably qualified users
  • Prices as quoted may change without prior notice
  • Errors and omissions excepted
  • Courier costs are not included in the above quoted prices
    JvR may have to order some of the above items. In such instances delivery times will be extended

©2016 Performance Assessment Network (PAN). All rights reserved.

JvR Academy provides optional accreditation training for 16pf questionnaire (16pf®)

Click here to learn more

South African Research

The 16pf® questionnaire has been adapted for use in South Africa. There are South African norms available for students and working adults. A technical supplement for adult working norms was released in 2014. Research is continuously being conducted with this instrument.

©2016 Performance Assessment Network (PAN). All rights reserved.