There are always interesting studies being conducted around the world within the various professional domains to improve our understanding and treatment of ADHD. Below some information on recently published studies.
- Van Doren, J., Arns, M., Heinrich, H., Vollebregt, M.A., Strehl, U., and Loo, S.K. (2018, February 14). Sustained effects of neurofeedback in ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry p1-13. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00787-018-1121-4
This meta-study suggests that neurofeedback (NF) has a lasting positive effect on an ADHD brain. The systematic review and meta-analysis address the sustainability of NF and control treatment effects, by considering randomised controlled studies that were conducted during follow-up assessments among children with ADHD. Within-group and between-group standardized mean differences (SMD) of parent behaviour ratings were calculated and analysed. Ten studies met inclusion criteria. Compared to non-active control treatments, NF appears to have more durable treatment effects for at least 6 months following treatment.
- Schuck, S.E.B., Emmerson, N.A., Abdullah, M.M., Fine, A.H., Stehli, A., and Lakes, K.D. (2018). A randomized controlled trial of traditional psychosocial and canine-assisted interventions for children with ADHD. Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin6(1), 64-80. Retrieved from https://www.apa-hai.org/human-animal-interaction/haib/2018/volume-6-no-1/
A first of its kind study at University of California, Irvine School of Medicine found that therapy dogs are effective in alleviating ADHD symptoms in children. Eighty-eight children, ages between 7 to 9 with ADHD combined subtype, were randomly assigned to 12-week canine-assisted intervention (CIA) or non-CIA groups. The results of this study indicate that psychosocial intervention, emphasising behavioural parent training, and social skills training for children with ADHD, effectively improves outcomes when compared to no treatment. Additionally, when these ‘best-practice’ psychosocial interventions are assisted by therapy dogs, treatment benefits are moderately enhanced in specific domains.
- Petersen, N. (2018, July 23). One step closer to a brain scan for ADHD. Psych Central. Retrieved from https://blogs.psychcentral.com/adhd-millennial/2018/07/one-step-closer-to-a-brain-scan-for-adhd/
Technology is on the verge of making a diagnostic brain scan a reality – especially for children with neurodevelopmental disorders such as ADHD and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Recently, a team of researchers in China presented a model that was able to diagnose participants in their study with 75 percent accuracy. Their technique took advantage of differences in how parts of the brain are connected in people with, and without ADHD. Many other studies have delivered promising attempts at predicting symptoms from brain imaging data. These brain-based biomarkers can aid in objective diagnoses.
Further reading: Uddin, L. Q., Dajani, D.R., Voorhies, W., Bednarz, H., and Kana, R.K., (2017, August 22). Progress and roadblocks in the search for brain-based biomarkers of autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Translational Psychiatry. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/articles/tp2017164